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CHILLINGHAM  CATTLE

321

it and some other species. Africa has at least- two Buffaloes. We
may tinally mention the Wild Ox of Europe, JS1 yrimigenius9 the
supposed progenitor of our domestic cattle, believed to be still
surviving in the herds afc Chillingham, Chartley, and elsewhere.
This animal is sometimes called the Aurochs. The Romans spoke
of it as the Urns, and it appears to have formerly attained to
more gigantic proportions than at present. It is the small size
of the present race that is the chief objection to tracing them,
buck feo the large Oxen existing near London in 1174, and found
sub-fossil in the Cambridg*vjlL?nj fens.

Of the true sheep, geim.s O>mis, there are u considerable number

FIG. 170.—Puujab Wild Sheep,     Ovis mgnei.     x ^5-.
of species. The Sheep are to be distinguished from the Goats by
their rattier stouter build and by the absence of the beard in the
male. The horns are developed in both sexes, and are usually
twisted and often of large size.
The Sheep are almost entirely Palaearetic and 3S"earetia They
only just get into the Oriental region. One of the finest species
is the great Pamir Sheep, O, p®liy whose length reaches 6 feet